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Apple Silicon support

IDA for macOS is now available as a native ARM64 binary which can make full use of the M1 chip's incredible performance.

It is hard to overstate just how much IDA benefits from the new speed boost. Autoanalysis completes much quicker, the UI is noticeably snappier, and almost every other feature in IDA seems smoother when running on M1. Our beta testers reported that IDA 7.6 is "incredibly stable" and "way faster" on Apple Silicon - so it seems our excitement is not misplaced.

Debugging native arm64 processes is also supported on M1, including arm64e:

See the updated macOS debugging tutorial here.

The native ARM build of IDA is available for free to all owners of an active Mac license (including IDA Home users).

Golang analysis

The Go language (aka golang) from Google is getting popular thanks to its ease of use, performance, and self-contained binaries not requiring dependencies. Due to some of the language designers' decisions the golang binaries are quite different from those produced by other compilers and some changes were required in IDA to properly support its peculiarities.

Among additions:

Here's an example of how a stripped golang binary for ARM looks like in IDA 7.5:

and in 7.6:

Almost twice as many functions were recovered and named.

Decompiler improvements

See two snippets from decompilation of the same binary. Left: IDA 7.5, right: 7.6.

arrays on stack can be difficult to detect automatically since usually only their first elements are referenced explicitly. We have added heuristics which recover arrays in many typical situations, reducing the need for manual intervention.

If you add GENERATE_EMPTY_LINES = YES to hexrays.cfg, the decompiler will add extra empty lines between compound statements and before labels, which improves readability of long functions.

New processor modules: RISC-V and RL78

Our processor selection contiues to expand steadily.


We also added some new functionality to enrich bookmarks management in the UI.

As before, you can use Alt-M/Ctrl-M to add/jump to a bookmark, but now you can also use Ctrl-Shift-M to bring up a separate bookmarks view with the global list of bookmarks that can be grouped into folders:

Also, bookmarked addresses will now be highlighted in the disassembly. You can use Options>Colors to change the highlight color to whatever you want:

Other UI improvements

Compressed macOS and iOS kernelcache support

In the recent iOS and macOS versions, the kernelcache files are compressed. Although there are tools available which can decompress them, it's one more thing to remember. Now IDA handles the standard compressed formats transparently so you can simply load them as standard Mach-O files. Since IDA can also handle ZIP files, you can open them directly from the IPSW updates!

Retpoline handling

Retpoline (return trampoline) is a compile-time mitigation against the Spectre speculative execution vulnerability disclosed in 2017. Binaries compiled with this option use special thunk functions for indirect jumps which tend to break standard control flow analysis. IDA now detects and handles these thunks transparently, resulting in nice and clean function graphs and pseudocode.

Example binary using retpoline thunks.

In IDA 7.5:

and 7.6:

Python 3.9 support

Python 3.9 was released after IDA 7.5 and changed the layout of some internal structures leading to crashes in scripts or plugins using PyQt. IDA 7.6 adds official support for 3.9 (while still supporting previous 3.x versions and 2.7). Python 3.9.1 is also officially available for macOS on ARM64 and can be used by IDA there.

Full list of changes and new features:

NB: some items may have been already mentioned in IDA 7.5 SP1-3 release notes

Processor modules:

File Formats:


Kernel / Misc.:


User Interface:



Scripts & SDK:


BUGFIX: "push esp/pop reg" was decompiled incorrectly
BUGFIX: .NET: some floating point values could be printed truncated
BUGFIX: 68K: extended-precision floating point constants were not displayed correctly
BUGFIX: 78K0S: opcode D5 was incorrectly decoded as INC (should be DEC)
BUGFIX: Alt+T/Ctrl+T searches in tabular/tree views, wouldn't wrap around as they should
BUGFIX: ARM: IDA could destroy a user-defined switch statement
BUGFIX: avr: relative jumps/calls could be truncated on parts with more than 64K of program memory.
BUGFIX: backward searching for bytes could fail in certain cases
BUGFIX: chooser: the ui_get_chooser_item_attrs event was called with the wrong CHOOSER argument
BUGFIX: clear_cached_cfuncs() was not clearing the global xref cache
BUGFIX: Command+M would not minimize the IDA window on macOS, per convention.
BUGFIX: debugger: linux: the collected thread may die prematurely before attaching, ignore it
BUGFIX: debugger: xnu debugger would fail to demangle c++ names after attaching with an empty database
BUGFIX: decompiler SDK: wrong return code in udcall_t::compare()
BUGFIX: decompiler would try to use shortcut "Ins" instead of "I" for the "Edit block comment" action on macOS.
BUGFIX: deleting local types could generate interr 81
BUGFIX: dscu plugin was broken if the user changed the "Input file" field in the Process Options dialog.
BUGFIX: dscu: plugin would work incorrectly after rebasing a dyldcache database
BUGFIX: DWARF: IDA could try to use too much memory on corrupted files before dying with out-of-memory
BUGFIX: DWARF: plugin could cause IDA to crash (stack exhaustion) with some specially crafted input files
BUGFIX: DWARF: plugin could crash IDA (null pointer dereference) with some specially-crafted files
BUGFIX: DWARF: plugin could INTERR and cause IDA to exit on specially crafted files with bad function names
BUGFIX: DWARF: plugin could loop (seemingly) endlessly when encountering a DW_TAG_namespace with a (broken) name whose first character is '#'
BUGFIX: DWARF: plugin could perform a use-after-free on some specially crafted files
BUGFIX: DWARF: plugin could perform a use-after-free during stack unwinding, on some DWARF input files
BUGFIX: DWARF: validate size of compressed sections before trying to load them
BUGFIX: ELF: fixed processing of the R_X86_64_32S reloc;
BUGFIX: ELF: PPC: IDA could crash when loading a corrupted elf file
BUGFIX: find_plugin() would load previously unloaded plugin even with load_if_needed=false
BUGFIX: fixed interr 50729 that could occur after mapping a local variable
BUGFIX: forcing plugin to be unloaded by setting PLUGIN_UNL in the run() method did not work for PLUGIN_MULTI plugins
BUGFIX: IDA could crash at restart time (e.g. when restoring a snapshot) if some of plugins installed post-event visitors
BUGFIX: IDA could crash with an internal error when stepping into functions with long names  if "Reconstruct the stack" was enabled in debugger options
BUGFIX: IDA could crash in some cases when using accessibility features (e.g. a screen reader)
BUGFIX: IDA could endlessly loop on some corrupted idbs
BUGFIX: IDA could erroneously complain about "CRC32 mistmatch" when opening legacy IDBs (from IDA 5.x or earlier)
BUGFIX: IDA could fail with internal error 20078 on corrupted ELF files
BUGFIX: IDA could produce an internal error while analyzing database after rebasing
BUGFIX: IDA would crash when loading an ARM64 driver if the default debugger was set to windbg
BUGFIX: IDA would create many useless *_hidden segments when loading an XNU kernelcache.
BUGFIX: IDA would not properly keep track of the imagebase for dyldcache idbs.
BUGFIX: IDA would try to allocate huge amount of memory when loading a corrupted elf file
BUGFIX: idapyswitch could fail to detect Python3 versions installed via homebrew on macOS
BUGFIX: idapyswitch would not respect the "-r" switch (dry run)
BUGFIX: IDAPython: 'coding: ' comments were not respected when loading a script file.
BUGFIX: IDAPython: added a 'bytes' property to Python classes wrapping C++ arrays
BUGFIX: IDAPython: IDA could exit silently on startup if the Python runtime called exit() during intialization (can happen with some Python distributions like Anaconda). Now we try to detect such situation and show an explicit error message.
BUGFIX: IDAPython: ida_bytes.bin_search documentation was lacking
BUGFIX: IDAPython: ida_bytes.next_visea, ida_bytes.prev_visea were not available
BUGFIX: IDAPython: ida_hexrays.mop_t.[_make_cases|_make_callinfo|_make_pair|_make_insn] could crash IDA
BUGFIX: IDAPython: ida_hexrays.mop_t.make_fpnum was unusable
BUGFIX: IDAPython: ida_ida.AF_FINAL had value -0x80000000 instead of 0x80000000
BUGFIX: IDAPython: ida_kernwin.del_hotkey could delete the wrong action, and cause IDA to crash
BUGFIX: IDAPython: ida_name.MNG_* and ida_name.MT_* values were not exposed
BUGFIX: IDAPython: ida_search.SEARCH_UNICODE was not available after IDA 7.0, while ida_search.find_binary() still is
BUGFIX: IDAPython: idapyswitch now supports Python 3.9
BUGFIX: IDAPython: IDAPython-on-Python3.9 was unusable because the result of evaluating expressions was not printed
BUGFIX: IDAPython: idautils.Strings.setup() would not apply the 'ignore_instructions' parameter
BUGFIX: IDAPython: if a 'nav colorizer' would return a long that couldn't be converted into 32-bits, IDA would fail reporting the issue in a timely manner, leaving it for later Python code to fail
BUGFIX: IDAPython: if a Python loader & a Python processor module had the same file name, the processor module couldn't be loaded
BUGFIX: IDAPython: internal error 30615 could happen if Python intialization failed
BUGFIX: IDAPython: using ida_kernwin.choose_find() with a non-IDAPython chooser, would crash IDA
BUGFIX: IDAPython: using ida_kernwin.set_nav_colorizer() could cause IDA to crash at exit-time
BUGFIX: IDAPython: when using Python 2, scripts with magic 'encoding' comment, could fail to run
BUGFIX: in ev_renamed event, the 'local_name' could be wrongly reported as 'true' if a local label was requested to be deleted but ida automatically replaced it with a dummy name. this may happen if the item with the name had xrefs to it
BUGFIX: it was impossible to pass REFINFO_SUBTRACT and REFINFO_SIGNED into op_offset();
BUGFIX: kernel: functions could be restored incorrectly from a corrupted IDB
BUGFIX: loading single modules from a dyldcache was unusually slow on OSX Catalina.
BUGFIX: M68K: some fmovem variations were disassembled incorrectly
BUGFIX: mac debugger could fail to attach to a process after previously detaching from it.
BUGFIX: mac debugger could fail to load symbols from system dylibs (revealed by macOS11 beta 4).
BUGFIX: mac debugger would show "Input file is missing" error when debugging a dyldcache lib on macOS11.
BUGFIX: mac/ios/xnu debuggers would create tons of meaningless debugger segments.
BUGFIX: macho loader could fail to load a correct SDK til in some cases.
BUGFIX: MIPS: 'search for register access' could hang
BUGFIX: MIPS: IDA could show incorrect names and comments for CP0 registers when select was not zero
BUGFIX: modifying an attribute of a function argument (e.g. adding __hidden) would be saved in the database but would not be immediately reflected in the disassembly
BUGFIX: objc analysis could fail due to arm64e tagged pointers.
BUGFIX: objc plugin could create invalid xrefs to Objective-C methods during decompilation (IDA-2487)
BUGFIX: objc plugin could fail to create structures in the database after a rebase operation.
BUGFIX: on windows idat would let the operating system to handle some Ctrl- keys, rendering them unusable in ida
BUGFIX: PC: 'in' instruction in 64-bit mode uses EAX and not RAX register.
BUGFIX: PC: endbr64 instruction is suported in 32-bit and 16-bit modes
BUGFIX: PC: extra prefix was not always displayed on a separate line.
BUGFIX: PC: fix decoding of instructions that use VEX.W/EVEX.W in 32-bit mode
BUGFIX: PC: fix operand type for long mode 'call far' to dt_tbyte (2-byte selector plus 8-byte offset)
BUGFIX: PC: fix operand types for many VEX-encoded AVX/AVX2 instructions
BUGFIX: PC: fixed decoding of some AVX instructions in 32-bit mode
BUGFIX: PC: huge functions could cause a simplex algorthm failure
BUGFIX: PC: in 32-bit mode, the target must be truncated to 16 bits if the instruction uses prefix 66 and/or 67.
BUGFIX: PC: in 64-bit mode the operand size for near call is forced to 64-bits.
BUGFIX: PC: in MOVSXD r16, r/m16 instruction, the first operand is a 16-bit register.
BUGFIX: PC: parse_reg_name() could return the wrong result for XMM/YMM/ZMM registers
BUGFIX: PC: processor specific options were not undone upon Ctrl-Z
BUGFIX: PC: some FMA instructions were not decoded in 32-bit mode
BUGFIX: pdb: COFF: subsection SYMBOLS of ".debug$T" may have zero size, use the remaining bytes of section ".debug$T"
BUGFIX: pdb: do not interr on bad-formed udt
BUGFIX: pdb: fix looping in LF_MODIFIER leaf
BUGFIX: pdb: fixed out-of-bounds read array access
BUGFIX: pdb: fortify TPI/IPI streams header parsing
BUGFIX: pdb: in rare cases the last bytes of a stream could be read incorrectly
BUGFIX: pdb: IPI stream could be parsed incorrectly
BUGFIX: pdb: size of a scalar type could be wrong
BUGFIX: pdb: SKIP symbol could be harmful in specially-crafted pdb-file
BUGFIX: PPC: e_ori. with the condition record bit was wrongly simplified to e_nop.
BUGFIX: rebasing a dyldcache idb could break the analysis because relocations were not applied to pointers in the slide info
BUGFIX: rebasing the program by an odd number of bytes was not forbidden (and led to issues later)
BUGFIX: renaming a local type by pressing F2 would lead to its removal from all use sites
BUGFIX: repeatable comments for structure members were not printed when using data cross-refences instead of structure offset operands
BUGFIX: sdk: qdetach_tty()/qcontrol_tty() were leaving /dev/tty open in some cases
BUGFIX: searching for all occurrences of a byte sequence would not work without an open disassembly view
BUGFIX: TIL: layout of _TEB and _PEB structures was not correct in mssdk_win7 and later .til files.
BUGFIX: Tricore: processor module could incorrectly detect function arguments passed on stack ([sp]0 was not handled)
BUGFIX: Tricore: struct offset with selection command did not work for this processor module
BUGFIX: try block lines could be missing when reopening the IDB
BUGFIX: type parser could misbehave with fully-qualified destructor names in class definitions
BUGFIX: types: creating a c++ structure with a __vftable member in the struct view was not marking the structure as having vftable; only doing so from local types was working
BUGFIX: ui/qt: during auto-analysis, typing in the quick filter (e.g., in the 'Functions window') could result in loss of certain characters
BUGFIX: ui/qt: Hiding columns when in 'folders' mode, wouldn't work
BUGFIX: ui/qt: if entries in the "Structures" or "Enums" widgets were sorted, scrolling by using the scrollbar would jump over some entries
BUGFIX: ui/qt: on Linux, IDA could crash if some initialization failed, and IDA's main window was moved to another screen before exiting
BUGFIX: ui/qt: on OSX, IDA could appear to hang during debugging
BUGFIX: ui/qt: opening certain views (e.g., "Function calls") through the "Quick view" (Ctrl+1) could fail
BUGFIX: ui/qt: Performing undo with souce-level breakpoints defined could cause IDA to INTERR
BUGFIX: ui/qt: renaming folders in the "Local types", would show the editor on the wrong cell (in the 'Name' column, even though the folder name is in first column, named 'Ordinal'.)
BUGFIX: ui/qt: the "Command palette" could refuse to keep the user selection, making it hard to use
BUGFIX: ui/qt: the decompiler action "Jump to local type" could fail to select the proper type when the "Local types" view was sorted
BUGFIX: ui/qt: using 'Save as...' could result in an unwanted additional entry appearing in the "recent files" section of the 'File' menu
BUGFIX: ui/qt: using set_dock_pos() with no target dock and DP_SZHINT, would ignore the size hints
BUGFIX: ui/qt: when in folders mode, fast jumping by row number wouldn't work
BUGFIX: ui/qt: when searching for text in sorted folders views, IDA could loop endlessly
BUGFIX: ui/qt: while debugging, drag & dropping an unsynchronized & invisible "Pseudocode-A" tab could crash IDA
BUGFIX: ui/txt: certain commands (close, tile, cascade, ...) could trigger INTERR 49589
BUGFIX: ui/txt: it was impossible to "Import" snippets in the 'Script snippets' dialog
BUGFIX: ui/txt: opening a hex view in idat would result in a crash
BUGFIX: UI: "fast searches" in a folder view, could cause IDA to freeze, or crash in certain cases
BUGFIX: UI: a long, unbreakable line in the "Output window" would cause other long (but breakable) lines to not be laid out according to the viewport size, and thus require scrolling
BUGFIX: UI: an error message on debug start would show connection string with erronously appended port number when using WinDbg debugger
BUGFIX: UI: calling delete_menu() could cause IDA to crash at exit-time
BUGFIX: UI: choosers starting in "folder" mode, might not have the user-desired sizes for columns
BUGFIX: UI: debugger stack view could display values with wrong bitness (e.g. 32-bit values for 64-bit programs)
BUGFIX: UI: depending on the selected font, register views could truncate representation of long values
BUGFIX: UI: F1 in the 'Functions' window now shows the correct help topic
BUGFIX: UI: folder lists in various views could become empty if undo was used after saving the database
BUGFIX: UI: Hex View in databases using certain encodings (typically UTF-8), could show a glitch in the rendering of 'combining' unicode codepoints
BUGFIX: UI: IDA could crash when stopping debugging, if certain manipulations were performed on the 'Functions window'.
BUGFIX: UI: IDA on Windows could show a warning "The operation completed successfully." when checking for updates using an up-to-date build.
BUGFIX: UI: in "Structures" and "Enums", creating a new type when the tree selection is not a folder, would create the type at the toplevel instead of the current one
BUGFIX: UI: in cases where the address space is very fragmented, zooming in the navigation band could lead to incorrect positioning
BUGFIX: UI: in folders view, triggering a rename, but not actually renaming (by e.g., leaving the name untouched, or clicking somewhere else), would cause an annoying message in the "Output window".
BUGFIX: UI: in the "Output window", if a long line had to be broken up into multiple 'physical' lines, clicking in the middle of one of those physical lines would place the cursor to its beginning
BUGFIX: UI: in the "Structures" and "Enums" widget, jumping to a structure or enum that's currently not selected, could either fail, or cause the companion tree to be out-of-sync
BUGFIX: UI: in the "Structures" or "Enums" widget, selecting a folder containing items, and deleting that folder, wouldn't properly update the listing contents
BUGFIX: UI: in the "Structures" or "Enums" widgets, the listing could be missing types after an undo operation
BUGFIX: UI: invoking "Xref graph" commands could produce "Wrong specification" warning intead of showing the graph
BUGFIX: UI: it was impossible to expand the hints shown in the "IDA View-A", when the cursor was positioned on an 'XREF'.
BUGFIX: UI: it was impossible to turn columns off/on in tabular views when they are in folders mode
BUGFIX: UI: filtering folders-enabled views, should hide the folders that don't have any content
BUGFIX: UI: pressing Enter in a dirtree widget would erroneously edit the item on macOS.
BUGFIX: UI: when exporting data as a "String literal", IDA could fail to properly decode text for IDBs that use UTF-8 as internal encoding
BUGFIX: UI: when using dark theme on macOS and linux, text within combobox menus could be clipped
BUGFIX: UI: when using dark theme on macOS, selected items in tree views could be colored incorrectly.
BUGFIX: UI: list of local types could change after enabling folders
BUGFIX: UI: opening an ida_kernwin.PluginForm at a specific position could fail
BUGFIX: UI: quick searching (i.e., by simply typing a string) in tabular/tree views might not yield the expected results.
BUGFIX: UI: rebasing a tree widget could cause IDA to show empty entries
BUGFIX: UI: scrolling in the navigation band could jitter with very segmented address spaces
BUGFIX: UI: searching for all occurrences of a binary data in "Hex View-1", closing "Hex View-1" and then attempting to jump, would cause IDA to crash
BUGFIX: UI: selecting a portion of an identifier for highlighting, and then searching up/down (Alt+Up/Alt+Down) for that text, would cause the entire identifier to become highlighted
BUGFIX: UI: sorting folders would only sort folders contents, but not the folders themselves
BUGFIX: UI: the 'grabbable' band for a floating window (used to dock it back) was not easy to spot
BUGFIX: UI: the "Current line" message could fail to display in some views when folders were enabled
BUGFIX: UI: the "Watch List" window wouldn't refresh when one of its items was renamed from the disassembly listing
BUGFIX: UI: the column "func#" in the Signatures list was not properly sortable as a number
BUGFIX: UI: types could be duplicated in the folder view of 'Local types' window
BUGFIX: UI: Undo wouldn't cause previously-rebased 'Imports' to get their original address back
BUGFIX: UI: using quick filtering with a regex, wouldn't highlight the part of the string that matches (as it does for lexicographical searches)
BUGFIX: UI: when folders are enabled in tabular views, 'Copy/Copy all' could fail to work as expected.
BUGFIX: UI: when folders were enabled on certain widgets, and the IDB was saved (e.g., by clicking on the 'save' icon), but then not saved again when closing, the widget would show up in no-folders mode
BUGFIX: UI: when switching to a folders-enabled chooser, the folders might fail to have focus
BUGFIX: UI: with certain fonts, the 'registers' widget could truncate the register names/values by a few pixels, making it harder to read
BUGFIX: UI: zooming in the navigation band, could lose locality
BUGFIX: Using "Jump to local type..." in a Pseudocode view's context menu wouldn't expand the tree of types to the right place (assuming the "Local types" has been toggled to be using folders.)
BUGFIX: debugger: single-stepping could be sluggish with multi-threaded apps, especially in the Mac debugger (see Debugger>Debugger options>Optimize single-stepping. it is enabled by default for Mac debugger).
BUGFIX: decompiler: "create new struct type" could generate a new struct type with forbidden characters, like <
BUGFIX: decompiler: arm64: some references to external symbols would not be resolved
BUGFIX: decompiler: assignments to members of structurs later passed by reference could be optimized away
BUGFIX: decompiler: automapping variables was too aggressive in some cases
BUGFIX: decompiler: bit-manipulation instructions 16-bit registers were emulated incorrectly (shift count is only 4 bits for them)
BUGFIX: decompiler: changing the type of a structure field would cause the loss of the __cppobj attribute
BUGFIX: decompiler: decompile() would crash if asked to decompile an unexisting function (nullptr)
BUGFIX: decompiler: decompiler could crash after using "extract func" if a pseudocode window with the deleted function info was present
BUGFIX: decompiler: fixed a crash in the recognition of magic divisions
BUGFIX: decompiler: fixed a crash on corrupted idbs
BUGFIX: decompiler: fixed an endless loop (extremely rare)
BUGFIX: decompiler: fixed interr 52194
BUGFIX: decompiler: global xref cache could become stale after a user action that was changing only the line numbers (like adding a comment)
BUGFIX: decompiler: in some cases 'split expression' had no effect
BUGFIX: decompiler: in some cases action "Reset pointer type" was not working (had no effect)
BUGFIX: decompiler: in some cases decompiler could generate a wrong post-increment/decrement operator
BUGFIX: decompiler: in some cases the decompiler would add a suffix to the user-defined names (myvar->myvara)
BUGFIX: decompiler: in some cases the user could not add variadic arguments to a function call
BUGFIX: decompiler: jumping to the pseudocode from another window (for example, from the local types) would fail to activate the window in some cases
BUGFIX: decompiler: ppc: fixed address arithmetics when subtracting addresses
BUGFIX: decompiler: recognition of inlined memset() was too aggressive in some cases (a xor loop could be converted to memset)
BUGFIX: decompiler: renaming a structure field would cause the loss of the __cppobj attribute
BUGFIX: decompiler: shifted pointers with negative offsets were not always applicable
BUGFIX: decompiler: some assignments could not be split
BUGFIX: decompiler: some xrefs to enum members would be missed by Ctrl-Alt-X
BUGFIX: decompiler: stale cached pseudocode was not refreshed in some cases
BUGFIX: decompiler: the decompiler could crash when displaying the global xref list if the cache was stale
BUGFIX: decompiler: trying to rename a variable as "@@x" would lead to a fatal error
BUGFIX: decompiler: while(2){switch...} could be decompiled incorrectly in some cases
BUGFIX: decompiler: wrmsr instruction could be decompiled wrongly (value of edx was unused)
BUGFIX: decompiler: x87 fscale instruction was decompiled incorrectly
BUGFIX: windbg: segment bitness could be determined incorrectly